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Used to separate insoluble solids from a liquid
Particles of an insoluble solid are suspended throughout the liquid to form a suspension
Used to separate soluble solids from its solution
Works for most solids
Solubilities of most solids increases rapidly with increasing temperature
When a hot saturated solution is cooled, the solubility of the solid will decrease and excess
solid will be crystallized out
Used to separate a soluble solid from an insoluble solid by a
Solvent dissolves the soluble solid, allowing the insoluble solid to be removed by
Used to obtain the solvent from a solution
On heating, water boils and turns into steam at 100 degrees celsius
Steam condenses and turns back into pure water in the condenser
Water will be collected as the distillate
The solute remains as the residue
Used to separate two or more miscible liquids with different boiling
Liquid with the lowest boiling point is distilled first, while the liquid with the highest
boiling point is distilled secondly.
Separating Immiscible Liquids
Immiscible liquids do not mix to form a solution
May be separated by a separating
Used to separate a mixture of two solids, of which one sublimes
The mixture is placed on top of a bunsen burner, leaving the substance with the higher melting point as residue whereas the other will solidify.
Is used to
Separate two or more substances in a mixture
Determine the purity of a substance
Identify a substance
The dyes will move up the paper at different speeds, thus identifying and seperating the dyes.
A type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs only on the surface of a liquid
Used to separate a liquid from a solid
Mixture is placed over a flame, solid left as residue while the liquid is evaporated and liquifies back on a different place
Rapid vaporization of a liquid, which occurs when a liquid is heated to its boiling point
Used to leave only the residue(solid)
Mixture is placed over a flame for a period of time till the liquid has evaporated while the solid remains.
Used to separate a magnetic substance from a non-magnetic substance.
By using a magnet, hover it over the mixture to separate the two substances