is a form of
questioning which may have more than one current answer (or more than one way
of expressing the correct answer).
primary purpose is to support student learning through the provision of feedback. All assessment should therefore be formative.
the primary purpose is to measure what has been learned – to award marks or grades.
this is often used to ascertain a starting level or baseline of knowledge or ability. Sometimes diagnostic testing is used in the course of a module.
is where students are involved in the assessment of the work of other students. Students must have a clear understanding of what they are to look for in their peers' work. This is often appropriate in assessing group work, and is particularly valuable if both product and process are assessed.
Peer assessment may:
is a process where students are involved in and are responsible for assessing their own piece of work. It encourages students to become independent learners and can increase their motivation.
Self assessment may:
The interpretation corner of the triangle
encompasses all the methods and tools used to reason from fallible
observations. It expresses how the observations derived from a set of
assessment tasks constitute evidence about the knowledge and skills being
The cognition corner of the triangle
refers to a theory or set of beliefs about how students represent knowledge and
develop competence in a subject domain.
makes a claim and solidifies it with evidence. Usually, the evidence defends the claim with statistics and expert opinion. But before you make a claim, make sure that it is reasonable so you won’t have difficulty looking for supporting materials. Typically, an argumentative essay presents the pros and cons of an argument. After this, you need to choose a side and use evidence to refute one side while supporting the other.
focuses on a situation and asks why a certain condition occurred and what was its outcome. You should be careful with wording and coherence while writing a cause-and-effect essay because your main purpose is to show causal chains. If you are not able to make the readers see the connection between an occurrence and its aftermath, your essay won’t be very effective.
shows similarities and differences between two topics. The comparison portion of the essay focuses on the topic’s similarities while the contrast part presents the differences. Your language should be definitive while writing a compare and contrast essay. Otherwise, the readers won’t be able to distinguish the similarities or differences you are trying to stress.
is typically an in-depth essay about a definition, term, or concept. In this type of essay, you need to provide personal commentary on the meaning of a specific topic. While some terms are concrete and can be defined and expounded upon from their dictionary definitions, other more abstract terms are defined subjectively. You must use clear language while writing a definition essay.
tells a story. When you are writing a narrative essay, you need to be a good storyteller. Coherence is a key while writing this type of essay because the sequence of events must be clearly presented. To do this, you need to use effective transitions. This type of essay is normally written in the first-person.