The Mongol had shown their power during the invasion of Eurasia. The invasion had been successful for the Mongol. They had reach the central Europe, been through Africa. All the empire during 13th centery were afraid of the Mongol army. They had the best mobility of riding horses, the best technology of controlling the catapult. They are undeafeted. Sadly, the great Khan had pass away before the Mongol complete the conquering the Euraisa. Then after some decades, the civil war begin and end the Mongol empire in the 14th century. The invasion started at around 1264, end at around 1400.
After the invasion and the conquering in the Middle East, the Mongol had brought the social classes law into the empire. This was to make sure the Mongol’s position in the empire. Also they had made some law that was too unfair to the others. The new religion law was really strict during the period. The Mongol did not allow any religious practice or movements. They were afraid there would be a religion conflict at the same time. So they decided to let the people keep their religion, but without any practice due to the Mongol wanted to take control of everything. Except those rule, it was pretty much the same.
The Mongol empire had spread almost the entire Asia. The empire contains lots of different people from everywhere. There were dozens of different religion. So the Mongol decided that people could keep their religion, but there must not be any kind of religious movement. One of the reasons was that the Mongols were afraid that the citizen might use some kind of religious communication to rebel the empire. Another reason was the Mongol did not want people to rebel, them, so they were being kind to offer the people to keep their own religion. This new law made the citizen feeling unfair.
The Mongol wanted the make sure that they had the power over the other inside their empire. So they had created a new law which was distinguishing the Mongol, Chinese, European and Muslim. The Mongol was at the top, then Chinese, European and Muslim. Also the Mongol had made sure that the government’s jobs could be only taken by themselves. So the others would not know what the Mongol had in their mind. This had caused an enormous problem for the Mongol. The Chinese, European, and Muslim were treated badly, they felt really unfair. During 14th century, there were rebel armies from every part of Mongol empire in Eurasia. This mistake had brought the Western Mongol Empire to the end. Also the law had influence the western country afterwards. The western country had made the social class law more clearly and unfair after the Mongol was gone.
Mongol's economy was original depending on the trade and the robbery. After the Invasion, they had taken control of almost everything. they were not lack of any resources, the silk road was taken control by the empire. Its economy increase as the empire was getting larger and larger. This was one of the significant aspect of expansions in economy trade leading to an expansion of the empire.
After the Invasion of Eurasia, the Mongol had controlled lots of territories. The Silk Road and other trade routes that connect the Eastern Asia and Western Asia had all been under controlled by the Mongol. This had the Mongol empire becoming stronger, due to they gather the taxes from the trade route which increased their economic.
The Mongol Empire had most part of Asia. The resources were enormous. The Mongol did not need to trade with other for the resources, and they did not need to share the resources with the others too. The economics of the Mongol was getting stronger and stronger when they had a new territory. They do not need to worry that the resources would run out. For conclusion, the Mongol did not lack of any resources that were important for the army and its empire.
The Monogls were really cruel, during the invasion thorough the middle east to the Europe. They had destoryed lots of building, arts, cities and people's life. The beauty of arts were all gone, it was rare to find arts or cutural building.
This action from the Mongol army had destroyed lots of important knowledge for the future, and it had caused the European lossing their own culture and cities.
During the Mongol invasion in the Eurasia, the Mongol was been really cruel towards the other country. When they had occupied a new city, the person who could not join the army was killed, and they had burned down the city that they occupied. They did not care how many people that are killed, and what things they were destroying. Lots of valuable staffs and knowledge were lost during the invasion. Also the thing that the Mongol had done had increased more hates from the European toward the Mongol.
The picture is about the Mongol invasion in centeral Europe. During the invasion, the Mongol destoryed every city that they occupied, and burn down every cutrul buildings and arts.
Mongol military was basicly made up by the horse rider. all of the horse riders were professional. Their army mobility was the best duing the 12th to 14th centry. Their skill of riding had overpower the Heavy European knights. Also after the invasion in China, the Mongol had more advance weapons, which made the Mongol strong.
The Mongol invasion to the Europe at the start was a success; they had occupied Georgia and other European country. But sadly, Genghis Khan had passed away. Therefore the Mongol army had retreated. The next invasion was during 14th century when the Middle East was conquered. Again, it was a success; the Europe union was defeated as the Mongol keep moving towards to the center Europe. Unexpected, the Mongol Empire had separated into Eastern and Western Mongol. Due to the Two Son of Genghis Khan both wanted to be the ruler. So the Army had retreated back to the Asia.
Mongol first made their presence known in Russia in 1222 on the shores of the Kalka River, where they defeated a force of Russian princes and a native pagan tribe called the Cumans. In 1236, when Mongol conquered the Volga Bulgars in southwestern Russia. The kingdom of Georgia fell in the same year. The Russia empire (Golden Horde) was defeated. The Mongol had stretch from the Eastern Asia. This had made the Mongol easier to attack Europe.
The Mongol believed in Shamanism notwithstanding. It was their original religion. After conquering the other empire, they let them kept practicing their own religion. So there would be less conflict with other religion inside its empire.
Mongol's weapon technology was really advanced after conquering China. But lack of Medicine and science. After conquering the Muslim empire, they had discovered lots of knowledge information for the empire.
Muslim empire had a strong development on the Science and Math. They had been studying it for 400 years. After the Mongol Invasion, the Mongol had captured the knowledge and used it in the Architectures, army and other categories.
The improvement on the technology made the mongol rider being more comfortable on riding on the horse. Also the accuary of the Mongol rider shooting increase as the China and Muslim horse riding skill was discovered.
Mongol Invasions in China lasted over 6 decades. It mainly defeated the Western Xia and Jin Dynasty. Mongols had claimed China as theirs and became the rulers. This event was significant for the Mognols because they were successfully the owners of China and had all the right to do whatever they wished too.
As all the conquests were going on, Government / Law, Economy / Trade, Arts/ Architecture, Military, Religion / Philosophy and Innovations / Science & Technology were all influenced and caused Mongol domination all through China. These subtopics expanded the empire in China and made the invasions by Mongols very successful.
Government and Law was important because the all the leaders contributed new laws and regulations to the fellow civilians to follow. All the leaders tried hard to win the conquests to make Mongol capture China.
This was significant in the invasion of China, because as China is very big, it would take a great deal of rulers to overcome and win this big conquest in China. As Kublai Khan was the main ruler at that time, all was depended on him. The significance made by him and Genghis Khan was the new rules and freedom given to the civilians. As new rulers came, new laws and rules came into power aswell.
Kublai Khan made new languages and customs as he was the ruler and he did not want to follow the Chinese acts. But this made the Chinese mad, that they weren't willing to cooperate. However, from first Kublai Khan didn't trust the Chinese well enough
Art and Achitecture was influential to the Mongols because many ideas of palaces were taken from their to Mongol. The Mongols made their imperial palaces, using the Chinese techniques.
This was not one the most significant but surely was very influencing to the Mongols. As the Mongols brought back the Chinese ideas of palaces it was significant in the appearances of the monuments in both, China and Mongol.
The influence of art was that it had many various engravings on monuments. The engravings were taken from China as the architecture design was too.
All of this was important in the invasions of China because the ideas were taken away from China during the invasions. This made Mongol and China very similar in appearance of temples, palaces and other structures.
Economy and Trade was also a significant part of the invasion in China by the Mongols. Mongol had took so much from China to make their empire wealthy. But the Mongols destroyed China and due to that the economy kept on going down and up.
The Chinese had traded a lot of agricultural products to the Mongols. This became influential as a lot of the crops were depended on China. And Mongol got heavily depended on China in terms of trading. Due to the amount of things being traded, new trading routes were created within China allowing more Mongols trade more.
Animal fur was being used in clothes, because Mongol region is very cold and to keep themselves warm they wore clothes made of fur.
The Mongol Military was one of the very strong and skillful army. It was successful in fighting its enemies and successfully being the leaders of China.
This area of focus made this very significant because all the militarists were equally powerful in leading the battles and conquests in China. As the Mongols had a variety of tactics that they used upon the fellow Chinese, they were very strong as a military and individually. This was significant because the military was the major support in dominating China at ease and becoming the rulers of that land. This all lead to the expansion of the empire, because the Mongol army traveled all around China and winning the conquests.
So, the military aspect con -sequenced in Mongols having China and expanding the Mongol empire within its self.
Mongol creates the largest empire buy their military skills, but they couldn't continue to succeed the conquest of China. This conquest changed China completely.
Mongols were very easy with the religions people followed. They did not make it, that they had to all follow one same religion. But there were benefits of following the same religion as the Mongol administation. Over the conquest in China, Mongols promoted the religion Buddhism throughout. This was important because Genghis Khan gave everyone the right to follow their own beliefs and religions.
This made the Mongol invasions in China very significant because, the Chinese civilians had their own choice of following the religion they wanted, without any interference. Even though following the same religion as the fellow Mongol army was a better choice, it gave the civilians an equal opportunity in believing in what they wanted to.
Kublai Khan was the founder of the Yuan dynasty, and was highly favoring Buddhism because he made many contacts with monks from places. Also Tibetan Lama's and Indian Buddhist highly influenced life in China during the Yuan Dynasty.
Genghis Khan gave all freedom to practice any religion you wanted. This was to avoid any conflicts from occurring. But an advantage to the people in his administration was that they had an exempt from paying and tax and doing public services.
Mongol's found out many new innovations in Science and Technology during the battle. It found new tactics to make weapons. Mongol innovations helped further development in their empire.
In the invasions in China by the Mongols, major developments were made in the weapon sector leading the Mongols so many victories. Even though, the Mongols weren't successful at the end, they still innovated and contributed a lot to science and technology at that period of time. Chinese gave them a lot from the trading, and this pushed the Mongol to have many new ideas to be innovated.
The invasion of the Middle -East by the Mongol Empire was from 1227C.E until about 1287C.E. The Middle-East was also one of the powerful Empires which had different powers that have controlled the area for more than 500 years. During the invasion in the Middle-East, Mongol Empire developed rapidly because of the advanced knowledge of Middle-East in many ways like mathematics, astronomy, medicine, pharmacology, optics, chemistry, botany, philosophy, and physics. Islamic architecture and also the military set up knowledge was adopted while the invasion was going on. The Mongol Empire let the people practice their own religion and by doing that they were able to gain more knowledge about different nations and their cultures. All of these important things led to the great and the most developed Empire in the whole history!
The Mongol took the social classes rule to the Middle East/Asia, which had brought a lot of new ideas of laws for the citizens for the future. Other laws were not as influential as the social classes were.
The population was divided into 4 different social classes and also the Laws were separated for the Mongols and other nations.
While China was under the control of the Mongol empire, the Mongols used China as a base to strengthen and assist their military in order to invade the powerful Middle-East.
Supported Chinese political ideas and confucianism all though, avoided having too many Chinese in the high offices because this kept the Mongol empire at their advantage to invade the Middle-East
Under Kublai Khan's reign he accepted the practice of various religions such as Islam and Christianity during the invasion. This helped the Mongols to keep the order and manage the worshipers.
A lot of trading goods and knowledge about science, maths and many others were shared from the Middle East. Most of the goods they traded were the main source of money of the goverment of the citizens in the Mongol Empire.
The use of paper money was introduced by Kublai Khan and widely used in the Mongol Empire and during the invasion when trading took place in the Middle-East.
Food output increased greatly as well as the trading with the Middle-East.
Red Coral Stone “ Marjan “ can be used to make jewelries like necklace, earings, bracelts, rings but can also be used as Herbel medicine.
used a lot in the temples
Through the invasions in the middle-east by the mongols the mongols adopted many Islamic architectural styles, designs and the constructions of the Islamic world. Designs of the Mosques were mostly adopted.
A moving palace built in 1264 by Kublai Khan.
It was important to the Mongol Empire to adopt architects from other nations such as mosques, palace and forts being the most important of all constructions that greatly influenced and helped their empire to develop and advance.
Mongol Empire's Military set up was based on the old tradition of the Middle East"s military set up. Their military was organized simply and effectively. Part of the reason how Mongol empire became the largest empire was also by the use of the Middle east's great military tactics and shared knowledge.
Mongols invaded the middle east which consisted of many conquest areas known as today Iran, Iraq, Syria, parts of Turkey and Palestine, southwards of Gaza which were under the Islamic power for over 500 years.
The Muslim Egyptians, Mamuluks were able for the first time to stop the Mongol Empire from conquering further in Ain Jalut.
Islam became one of the most major practiced realigion and helped develop the Mongol empire in various fields by advising in administrative affairs. Muslims also became a favoured class because they were well educated and knew Turkish and Mongolians well.
Major world monotheistic religion founded by Muhammad in Arab in the early 7th century AD.
Religion stemming from the teachings of Jesus in the 1st century AD.
Major world philosophy founded in northeastern India between the 6th and the 4th centuries BCE.
A principal philosophy and system of religion of China based on the teachings of Lao-tzu in the sixth century B.C. and on subsequent revelations.
Middle East was one of the most advanced in many things. Some of them were mathematics, astronomy, medicine, pharmacology, optics, chemistry, botany, philosophy, and physics. All of these great developments greately influenced the Mongol Empire in order to expand their Empire and use that adopted knowledge for their citizens.
Sea transportations were introduced and inland rivers to move grain to provide food for new population.
New alphabet was introduced under the reign of Kublai Khan to the entire Mongol-Empire.