Brief statements showing in condensed form the accumulated life experience of the community and serving as conventional practical symbols for abstract ideas
"Early to bed and ear to rise,
They express intellectual and emotional attitudes: dissapointment,sympathy, intentions, Also, proverbs acts to have sone socializing functions. They are used to congradulate,attract, attend on, advise, offer, suggest, request or warn.
Epigram is a stylistic device, similiar to proverbs. but the only difference being that epigrams are cained by individuals, whose names we know.
Quotation is a phrase, taken from a work of literature or other piece of writing amd repeated in order to prove a point or support an idea
It's a comparison creating a vivid image due to the fact that the object with which the comparison is well-known as a example of the quality of the question. The characteristic itself may be named in the simile, when the conjunction "as" or "like" are used.
It denotes a deliberate extreme exaggeration of the quality ot the object
1) To emphasize for an amusing effect;
It's a device by which a longer phrase is used instead of a shorter and plainer one; it is a case of circumlocution (a round way of description), which is used in literary descriptions for greater expressiveness.
Diminution of the quality opposite to hyperbole
Fresh and absolutely unexpected
The original figurative meaning of which has been forgotten
1) To present the latter through the emotionally coloured perception;
It's used to avoid some unpleasant things or taboo things
This is a word or phrase containing an expressive characteristic of the object, based on some metaphor and thus creating an image.
Example: It's his do-it-yourself attitude
Example: An apple-faced man
The example: "True love, tired cuty"
e.g. A shadow of a smile
It's a point to a feature, which is essential to the object; they describe the idea which is to certain extent inherent to the concept of the object (Dark forest - the idea of colour)
The attributes used to characterize the object by adding a feature which is not inherent in it (bread-and-butter letter, stock question)
Express emotional characteristics of an object; both existing and imaginary;
It's a device which combines in one phrase, two words, whose meanings are opposite and incompatible;
It's the use of a word in the same grammatical but different semantic relations to two adjacent words in the context, the seem being: on the one hand - literal and on the onther hand - transferred
It's more independent like any stylistic devices and it's depend on a context;
This device consists in the use of a proper name instead of a common name or vice versa,
1) To revive the logical meaning of the proper names, thus, making more apparent;
E.g. "-Her husband is Othello" - some modern Samsons were walking by
E.g - Miss Dirty Fringe, Mr. Know-All, Mr. Fix-it
It's an indirect reference by word or phrase to a historical literary
It's a relation between the dictionary and contextual logical meanings based on the affinity or similarity or certain properties of features of two corresponding concepts
Are mostly to be found in poetry and emotive prose
Are generally used in newspaper articles or in scientific language
1) To make the description concrete;
It's based on a different types of relation between the dictionary and contextual meanings, a relation based not on identification, but on some kind of association connecting the two concepts which these meanings represent.
Irony is based on the simultaneous realisation of two opposite meanings: the permanent, "direct" meaning (the dictionary meaning) of words and their contextual (covert, implied) meanings.